Dementia affects over 5.8 million U.S. citizens. Currently, there is no cure for the disorder but there are treatment options that may help with lessening the effects of dementia. One of them is music therapy. Music therapy attempts to use music to help bring back memories and help with better functioning in adults with dementia. Music therapy can also alleviate depressive symptoms. There are two kinds of music therapy.

The first kind is passive therapy. Passive therapy involves getting the person with dementia to listen to music. Typically, the music is from the era when the patient was young. It’s been found that familiar, likable music works the best. Music therapists work to find the best type of music and songs to get the effect doctors are looking for.

The second kind of music therapy is active therapy. This is where the patients get to play instruments and engage with learning how to play music.

The scientific evidence backing up the effects of music therapy is inconclusive. However, there is a large amount of anecdotal evidence that supports its effects. Also, scientific study has found that music therapy is in no way harmful when administered by a professional.

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